This article aims to bring to the surface the philosophical background of Georg Lukács’s democratic theory by investigating his philosophy of dialectics in depth. It presents an innovative interpretation of his understanding of the role of the general committee of the Communist Party in the transition to socialism, and his support of Stalinism. Its aim is to investigate, in a far more rigorous way than has been done before, the relation of his theory of dialectics to the Frankfurt School’s theory of dialectics. Thus, for the first time in the literature, Lukács’s understanding of the role of the party is analysed by relating it to Max Horkheimer’s understanding of the role of the traditional intellectual.
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